Heraklion is the largest city in Crete, located roughly in the middle of the northern coast of the island. Heraklion has a population of 131,000 inhabitants (2001 census), but it is estimated that in Heraklion Municipality and the neighboring Alikarnassos municipality (near the airport) reside approximately 200,000 people today.
Heraklion is the 4th largest city in Greece, and has the largest port in Crete, as the largest airport. Heraklion Airport is also known as Nikos Kazantzakis International Airport, having named the most famous writer of Crete internationally.
In Heraklion there are two large hospitals (University Hospital and Venizelio Hospital). Also here are the Faculties of Sciences and Health Sciences of the University of Crete (with 8,000 students) here based Research and Technology Institute (ITE-FORTH) one of the largest research centers in the country, and the Technological Educational Institute of Crete (with 6,500 students). Overall, there are eight university colleges and 11 technical colleges (TEI).
Heraklion is the largest city of Crete and the largest port of the island and seat of the municipality of Heraklion who emerged as the Kallikratis program, it is the fourth most populated country. Formerly the capital of the island of the prefecture and Temenos province, today is the seat of the municipality with a population of 173 993 inhabitants (2011), is the seat of the Decentralized Administration of Crete, home of Crete, as well as headquarters of the Church of Crete and the Archbishop of. Cathedral of the city is the church of Agios Minas. The city of Heraklion on the resistance and heroism during the German invasion and the Battle of Crete (1941) was awarded the War Cross A. Order.
The main economic sectors of the city are tourism, agriculture and trade. It has an industrial area four kilometers southeast of the center. Heraklion also has one of the largest currently in motion airports in Greece (second in total after Athens and first charter), the airport "Nikos Kazantzakis", and port with dense ship transportation mainly with Piraeus and other islands presenting large passenger and freight traffic.
Beyond Athens and Thessaloniki to Heraklion is the only city in Greece embodied in the same urban fabric seats two different Kallikaratous municipalities. Heraklion from the homonymous municipality and Gazi (12 606 inhabitants) by Malevizi municipality, together with the city of New Alikarnassos (14.635) and other smaller adjacent settlements, an agglomeration of the largest in the country.